Saturday, 28 March 2020

Industrial Relations



Industrial relations Are The way employers and workers deal with each other .

Industry means any productive activity in which an individual is engaged. like :

(1) primary activities like :


Agriculture,
Fisheries,
Plantation,
Forestry,
Horticulture,
Mining .


 (2) Secondary activities like :


Manufacturing,
Construction,
Trade,
Transport,
Commerce,
Banking,
Communi­cation .


Relations : means the relations that exist in the industry between the employer and his work-force. Different authors have defined the term industrial relations in somewhat different way.

Other definition:

The relations and interactions in the industry particularly between the labour and management.
Industrial relation is not a simple relationship between the two parties but is a set of functional interdependence involving a number of factors, say, historical, economic social, psychological, demographic, technological, occupational, legal.

Other definition:

The relation in the industry created by the diverse and complex attitudes and approaches of both management and workers in connection with the management of the industry.

Strategic industrial relations : is an approach for analysing the strategic choices made by the actors - employers, workers and their organizations.

Industrial relations examples :

>Labour relations 
>Group relations 
>Employer-employee relations 

>Community or Public relations 

The system of industrial relations establishes the traditions and rules that govern this deal. 

In some countries, this process is called labor relations.

Employers and workers use industrial relations procedures to reach agreements on salary issues, working conditions and hours, employment and training procedures, pension projects, and insurance.

In some countries there is a full framework of laws related to unions, employers' responsibilities, and safety during the performance of work.
Such laws exist in many European and Arab countries, and they are laws that greatly affect the relations between workers and employers (employers). 

If a dispute occurs between workers and employers, workers resort to strike (refuse to work) to compel business owners to accept the workers' point of view; the employer will lose profits during the strike, and may face the danger of the collapse of his organization.

The strength of workers becomes less in countries where the strike is restricted by law. In such countries, business owners control industrial relations.

If the employer wishes to discipline the workers, or force them to accept his policy, he may resort to closing his factory in whole or in part. In this case, workers are prevented from entering their workplace and cannot earn their livelihood. 

In the United Kingdom, government policy on industrial relations was a major political issue in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. 

And when the Labor Party took control of the government, it passed laws encouraging increased trade union strength. In 1975, the Workers' Government established an advisory, conciliation, and arbitration services agency to help settle disputes between employees and employers. 

In the 1980s, the Conservative government passed laws that reduced the power of trade unions.

Industrial relations act 1967 :

>An Act to promote and maintain industrial harmony and to provide for the regulation of the relations between employers and workmen .

>And their trade unions and the prevention and settlement of any differences or disputes arising from their 
relationship and generally to deal with trade disputes and matters arising.



Industrial relations act 1971 :
>The goal was to stabilize industrial relations by forcing concentration of bargaining power and responsibility in the formal union leadership, using the courts.

>The act was intensely opposed by unions, and helped undermine the government of Edward Heath.

>It was repealed in 1974 when the 
Labour Party returned to government.


Industrial relations act 1990 :

>To amend and update the law on industrial conflict; and
>To re-organise the State's dispute resolution machinery.
>The Act's provisions on industrial conflict essentially retain the previous framework of the Trade Disputes Act 1906, with some amendments.

 >As before 1990 Irish trade disputes law is based on a system of statutory immunities which are triggered by action .

>secondary action is restricted, and trade unions must have rules providing for secret ballots before industrial action is taken.

>The ability of 
employers to get labour injunctions is restricted where there has been a secret ballot and strike notice has been given.
Employment and industrial relations :

Studies the employment relationship that is the complex interrelations between employers and employees .


Hr and Industrial relations :

Human resources management and industrial relations often represent positions in a workplace.

HR is the employer's advocate.
HR Industrial relations  refers to matters that affect union employees.

HR management and industrial relations must coexist within the workplace to 
ensure that your organization doesn't have to deal with strikes.

> Staffing
> National Labor Relations 
> Collective Bargaining

> Grievance Handling

> Salary Information for Human Resources Managers


The sum of the variables affecting the industrial relations system includes:
  • Business owners and their organizations.
  • Workers and their organizations.
  • Government agencies and their responsibilities towards the working community and working conditions.
  • Existing legislative framework.
  • The nature of relations between groups dealing with each other.
  • The style and location of the competent authorities.
  • Analysis of individuals and their fields of work.

Industrial relations The term has a broad as well as a narrow view. Originally, industrial relations were broadly defined to include relationships and interactions between employers and workers. 

From this perspective, industrial relations covers all aspects of the business relationship, including human resources management, employee relations, and union (or labor) management relations between the two countries.

Objectives of industrial relations are :
1. To safeguard the interest of labour and management by:
>securing high level of mutual understanding 
>goodwill between all sections in the industry which are associated with the process of production.
2. To raise productivity to a higher level by :
>Arresting the tendency of higher labour turnover.
3. To avoid industrial conflicts and develop harmonious relations between labour and management for the industrial progress in a country.
4. To establish and maintain Industrial Democracy by :
>Associating the labour in the process of decision making.
5. To bridge about government control over such units where production has to be regulated in the public interest.
6. To bring down strikes, lockouts, by providing better wages and improved working conditions.

7. To bring the gap, by the state, between the imbalanced, disordered and maladjusted social order.

Why We Need to Study Industrial Relations in computer engineering degree ?
>To Learn how to deal with our co-employers and managers
and team leaders and company ceo and all company's staff.











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